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Q1. Refer to the exhibit. 

If a connection failure occurs between R1 and R2, which two actions can you take to allow CR-1 to reach the subnet 192.168.192.0/24 on R2? (Choose two.) 

A. Create a static route on R1 for subnet 192.168.192.0/24 towards R3 and redistribute it into OSPF. 

B. Turn up a BGP session between CR-1 and R1. 

C. Create a static route on R1 for subnet 192.168.192.0/24 towards R3 and redistribute it into BGP. 

D. Turn up an EIGRP session between R1 and R3 with AS 65535. 

E. Create an OSPF virtual link between CR-1 and R2 to bypass R1. 

Answer: A,B 

Q2. Which two solutions can reduce UDP latency? (Choose two.) 

A. fast retransmission 

B. fast recovery 

C. fast start 

D. low-latency queuing 

E. IP service level agreements 

F. congestion-avoidance algorithm 

Answer: D,E 

Explanation: 

IP SLA uses active traffic monitoring, which generates traffic in a continuous, reliable, and predictable manner to measure network performance. IP SLA sends data across the network to measure performance between multiple network locations or across multiple network paths. It simulates network data and IP services, and collects network performance information in real time. This information is collected: 

Response times 

One-way latency, jitter (interpacket delay variance) 

Packet loss 

Network resource availability 

LLQ uses the priority command. The priority command allows you to set up classes based on a variety of criteria (not just User Datagram Ports (UDP) ports) and assign priority to them, and is available for use on serial interfaces and ATM permanent virtual circuits (PVCs). A similar command, the ip rtp priority command, allows you to stipulate priority flows based only on UDP port numbers. Note: All the other answer choices can be used to improve TCP performance, but not UDP. 

References: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/routers/xr12000/software/xr12k_r4-2/system_monitoring/configuration/guide/b_sysmon_cg42xr12k/b_sysmon_cg42xr12k_chapter_011.html http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/12_0s/feature/guide/fsllq26.html 

Q3. Which option is the result if two adjacent routers are configured for OSPF with different process IDs? 

A. The routers are unable to establish an adjacency. 

B. The routers establish an adjacency, but route exchange fails. 

C. The routers establish an adjacency and exchange routes, but the routes are unreachable. 

D. The routers establish an adjacency and exchange routes, and the routes are reachable. 

Answer:

Q4. Which component of the BGP ORF can you use to permit and deny routing updates? 

A. match 

B. action 

C. AFI 

D. SAFI 

E. ORF type 

Answer:

Q5. When you migrate a network from PVST+ to rapid-PVST+, which two features become inactive? (Choose two.) 

A. Root guard 

B. Loop guard 

C. UplinkFast 

D. UDLD 

E. BackboneFast 

F. Bridge Assurance 

Answer: C,E 

Explanation: 

It is good to know the UplinkFast and BackboneFast behavior before you start the migration process. 

Here, the Access1 switch runs Cisco IOS. This output is taken before migration to the rapid-PVST+ mode: 

Access1#show spanning-tree vlan 10 

VLAN0010 

Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee 

Root ID Priority 24586 

Address 0015.63f6.b700 

Cost 3019 

Port 107 (FastEthernet3/0/1) 

Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec 

Bridge ID Priority 49162 (priority 49152 sys-id-ext 10) 

Address 000f.f794.3d00 

Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec 

Aging Time 300 

Uplinkfast enabled 

Interface Role Sts Cost Prio.Nbr Type 

Fa3/0/1 Root FWD 3019 128.107 P2p 

Fa3/0/2 Altn BLK 3019 128.108 P2p 

Access1#show spanning-tree summary 

Switch is in pvst mode 

Root bridge for: none 

Extended system ID is enabled 

Portfast Default is disabled 

PortFast BPDU Guard Default is enabled 

Portfast BPDU Filter Default is disabled 

Loopguard Default is disabled 

EtherChannel misconfig guard is enabled 

UplinkFast is enabled 

BackboneFast is enabled 

Configured Pathcost method used is short 

Name Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active 

VLAN0010 1 0 0 1 2 

VLAN0020 1 0 0 1 2 

2 vlans 2 0 0 2 4 

This output is taken after the mode is changed to rapid-PVST+: 

Access1#show spanning-tree vlan 10 

VLAN0010 

Spanning tree enabled protocol rstp 

Root ID Priority 24586 

Address 0015.63f6.b700 

Cost 3019 

Port 107 (FastEthernet3/0/1) 

Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec 

Bridge ID Priority 49162 (priority 49152 sys-id-ext 10) 

Address 000f.f794.3d00 

Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec 

Aging Time 300 

UplinkFast enabled but inactive in rapid-pvst mode 

Interface Role Sts Cost Prio.Nbr Type 

Fa3/0/1 Root FWD 3019 128.107 P2p 

Fa3/0/2 Altn BLK 3019 128.108 P2p 

Access1#show spanning-tree summary 

Switch is in rapid-pvst mode 

Root bridge for: none 

Extended system ID is enabled 

Portfast Default is disabled 

PortFast BPDU Guard Default is enabled 

Portfast BPDU Filter Default is disabled 

Loopguard Default is disabled 

EtherChannel misconfig guard is enabled 

UplinkFast is enabled but inactive in rapid-pvst mode 

BackboneFast is enabled but inactive in rapid-pvst mode 

Configured Pathcost method used is short 

Name Blocking Listening Learning Forwarding STP Active 

VLAN0010 1 0 0 1 2 

VLAN0020 1 0 0 1 2 

2 vlans 2 0 0 2 4 

You can see in the show spanning-tree summary command output that UplinkFast and BackboneFast are enabled, but are inactive in rapid-PVST mode. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/switches/catalyst-6500-series-switches/72836-rapidpvst-mig-config.html#upback1 

Q6. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which BGP feature allows R1 to instruct R2 which prefixes it is allowed to advertise to R1? 

A. route refresh 

B. Prefix-Based Outbound Route Filtering 

C. distribute lists 

D. prefix lists 

Answer:

Q7. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which IP packets will be accepted from EBGP neighbor 10.1.1.1? 

A. IP packets with a TTL count in the header that is equal to or greater than 253 

B. IP packets with a TTL count in the header that is equal to 253 

C. IP packets with a TTL count in the header that is equal to or greater than 2 

D. IP packets with a TTL count in the header that is equal to 2 

Answer:

Explanation: 

neighbor ip-address ttl-security hops hop-count 

ExamplE. 

Router(config-router)# neighbor 10.1.1.1 ttl-security hops 2 

Configures the maximum number of hops that separate two peers. 

. The hop-count argument is set to number of hops that separate the local and remote peer. 

If the expected TTL value in the IP packet header is 254, then the number 1 should be configured for the hop-count argument. The range of values is a number from 1 to 254. 

. When this feature is enabled, BGP will accept incoming IP packets with a TTL value that is 

equal to or greater than the expected TTL value. Packets that are not accepted are silently discarded. 

. The example configuration sets the expected incoming TTL value to at least 253, which is 255 minus the TTL value of 2, and this is the minimum TTL value expected from the BGP peer. The local router will accept the peering session from the 10.1.1.1 neighbor only if it is 1 or 2 hops away. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/12_2s/feature/guide/fs_btsh.html 

Q8. Which two 802.1D port states are expected in a stable Layer 2 network? (Choose two.) 

A. forwarding 

B. learning 

C. listening 

D. blocking 

E. disabled 

Answer: A,D 

Q9. Which IP SLA operation type uses IP to measure the round-trip time between a router and a device? 

A. HTTP 

B. ICMP Echo 

C. ICMP Path Jitter 

D. UDP Jitter for VoIP 

Answer:

Q10. Refer to exhibit. 

The router is unreachable using telnet. Which option is solution? 

A. Use an extended access list instead of standard access list. 

B. The transport output telnet command must be added. 

C. The VRF configuration must be completed. 

D. The “vrf-also” keyword must be added to the access-class configuration. 

Answer: